Sample Research Paper

“Oil and natural gas are the lifeblood of our economy, accounting for more than 60 percent of the energy consumed in the United States. [1]” Therefore, having a clear comprehension of, both, the economy of scale, and economy of scope, supports tremendously in new pipeline construction.

The vital requirements combined with environmental assessments and land acquisitions are only preliminary to determining the design, construction and implementation of new pipelines.  Primarily, the construction and implementation of pipelines follows mutually strict federal and state regulations.

There are a great many laws which are required to be kept in mind prior to embarking on a pipeline construction. These include the negative externalities associated with and resulting from the building of a pipeline. “The design, construction, operation and maintenance of interstate liquid petroleum transmission pipelines is regulated by the U.S. Department of Transportation, Office of Pipeline Safety (OPS) under the Pipeline Safety Act (49USC Chapter 601).”[2]

The pipelines can be made of plastic or rubber or steel. The choice of a material in building a pipeline is dependent on the nature of the fluid which would pass via the pipeline and the location where the pipeline would be placed. The oil and gas pipelines can be buried below the ground or put it.



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