Research Paper: Mystery of the Loch Ness Monster


The Loch Ness Monster is a serpent like a creature that is reputed to live in Loch Ness in the Scottish Highlands. It is just like other imaginary lake monsters in Scotland and elsewhere though its description varies from one person to the next, with most describing it as large in size and popular interest and belief in the animal’s existence has varied since it was first brought to the world’s attention in 1933. Evidence of its existence is unreliable, with negligible and much-disputed photographic material depicting sonar readings. The most common speculation among believers is that the creature represents a line of long-surviving plesiosaurs.  A large section of the scientific community regards the Loch Ness Monster as a modern-day myth and explains sightings as including misidentifications of more mundane objects, absolute deception, and creative thinking.

 Despite this, it remains one of the most famous examples of crypto-zoology. It was called a “monster” by the water bailiff for Loch Ness by Alex Campbell who was also a freelancing journalist.  In 1933, the Inverness Courier published a news item that a few weeks earlier a man from London had reported that he and his wife had actually seen the monster. He described it as the nearest thing to a pre-historic dragon. He said that he had seen the monster walking across the road with an animal clenched in its mouth. After publication of the article, other letters began appearing in the “Courier” claiming that they had actually seen the monster in the water or walking on the land.

Most people described as a “monster fish”  “sea serpent” or “dragon” and then everyone agreed with the given name that is the “Loch Ness Monster”.  On 6, December 1933, the first alleged photograph of the monster, taken by Hugh Gray, was published in the Daily Express, and shortly after the creature received official notice when the Secretary of State for Scotland ordered the police to prevent any attacks on it. In 1934, interest was further sparked by what is known as The Surgeon’s Photograph. In the same year, R. T. Gould published a book, the first of many that describe the author’s personal investigation and collected a record of additional reports before 1933.

The oldest known documents were put online in 2012, and people who believe in this story contend that the actual sightings took place on the River Ness and not on the Loch which proves that the creature existed as far back as the 6th century. However, those who doubt the existence of the monster maintain that this was a period in history when beast stories were pretty common, especially in the lives of medieval saints. However, many people  argue that all other claims of monster sightings prior to 1933 are highly dubious and do not prove that there was any mention of the monster before this date.

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