Sample Research Paper

Federalism is a system of government in which a written constitution divides power between a central government and regional or sub-divisional governments…. Federalism can be seen a compromise between the extreme concentration of power and a loose confederation of independent states for governing a variety of people usually in a large expanse of territory. (Federalism, 2007)

10th Amendment: Constitutional Federalism

In federalism, a central government is in place which allows retention of indigenous vanity, values and authority. The fundamental notion of federalism in United States has been ingrained in the Constitution. This is commonly referred to as the 10th Amendment which was ratified in 1971. (Federalism, 2007). The Constitution states that:

The powers not delegated to theUnited States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. (Federalism, 2007)

Dual Federalism

Dual federalism was practiced from to 1789 to 1901. There was hardly any coordination and alliance between the “national and “state governments” during this period. This type of federalism was based on the premise that the “national and state governments were equal partners with separate and distinct spheres of authority”. (American Federalism, 1776 to 1997, 2007)

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