Sample Research Paper

Freud’s Psychodynamic Theory considers the mind as an “energy system” and that the “basic energies of the body reside, in part, in the mind” (Pervin et al, 2004, p. 31). This backs the “central idea” of Darwin’s Theory of Evolution that “biological principles of evolution” are closely linked to the “psychoanalysis of mind and personality” (Pervin et al, 2004, p. 16).

Many of the personality traits which Eysenck found “exist cross-culturally” (Feist & Feist, 2006). In other words, he proved the fundamental premise that personality traits are not a consequence of circumstances or the environment and that they remain stable. It can be construed from this that relatives and even people belonging to the same familial or ethnic background may possess more or less similar personality traits which have been passed down to them generation by generation.

Despite disagreements between the two well-known social thinkers, Eysenck and Cattell, their researchers are often cited together as they share the same ideology and were conducted in more or less the same manner by using factor analysis. Both the theories had endeavored to discover personality traits and their interrelationships. The aim was also to uncover unknown or latent personality characteristics which are triggered by the response to specific stimuli. They had both developed trait hierarchies. Although these hierarchies were quite different from each other, the basic dimensions and traits were almost the same.

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