Sample Research Paper
A lot of theories suggest that personality development starts young adulthood. It was Jung that first theorist who linked personality development with adulthood. Erikson’s psychosocial theory is a further development on Freud’s psychosexual theory.
Erikson links the personality development of a person with social interactions during the 8 stages that he used to describe the developmental process. It is based on the epigenetic principle, meaning that our personalities develop in stages which are predetermined (Theories of personality, 2008). Each stage occurs during a specific time during a person’s life. Actions in each stage affect the development of personality and progression into the next stage. Stages, their time period in a person’s life and the psychosocial learning processes that are to occur include:
“Stage 1>> infant>> trust vs. mistrust.
Stage 2>> toddler>> autonomy vs. shame & doubt
Stage 3>> preschooler>> initiative vs. guilt
Stage 4>> school age child>> industry vs. inferiority
Stage 5>> adolescence>> ego identity vs. role confusion
Stage 6>> young adult>> intimacy vs. isolation
Stage 7>> middle adult>> generativity vs. self-absorption
Stage 8>> beyond old age>> integrity vs. despair”
Boeree, CG (2006).
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