Sample Research Paper

The World War II came to an end in 1945 when an atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, thus ending the pacific war. Under the leadership of President Truman, United States had ushered the world into an era of freedom, but in doing, had garnered an adversary in the form of an independent and very the red Soviet Union. The immediate difference became stark right after the end of the war when Stalin and Truman got off on the wrong foot regarding economic co-operation. The socialist-capitalist schism suddenly evident and silent waves of hostility surged from both Kremlin and White House.

The fear was mutual. The Soviets, in the words of Whittaker Chambers, a rogue communist spy, believed that the ‘Western civilization was doomed to collapse or revert to barbarism’ (Chambers-Truman, 1). On the other hand, Truman was facing conflicts at home just as well and rallying against the nuisance of communism sounded like an adequate elusive tactic. To further deteriorate the situation, in August 1948, Whittaker Chambers, a senior editor in Time magazine and a defrocked former soviet spy made a testament before House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) in which lodged allegations against some really high State Department officials including Alger Hiss, advisor to the former President Roosevelt and on of the leading names in the establishment of United Nations, of being communists. Even though the allegations were without any concrete evidence, they planted an incipient ‘spy scare’ throughout the whole Washington.

‘This atmosphere of anti-fascist cooperation, anti-capitalist conviction, and lax security precautions enabled a small number of Washingtonians to lead dual lives as professional bureaucrats and devoted communists.’ (Chambers-Truman 54).

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