Sample Research Paper

Morgenthau (1960) draws an analogy between politics and power and maintains that politics can be healthy within states or internationally depending on the interpretation and use of power. He stated that “politics is the concept of interest defined in terms of power”. (Morgenthau & Thompson, 1993, p. 5).Although Morgenthau emphasized more on international relations and politics, he had introduced six principles of political realism which are relevant to many theories of politics. The first principle was that politics is also “governed by objective laws that have their roots in human nature”. This meant that in order to make society better through politics, one must comprehend the social values, “preferences” and norms. The second principle stresses that in the international arena, politics must supersede economic, religious and aesthetics aspects. The third one discusses that the “essence” of politics and power is “unaffected by” “time and place”. The fourth principle discusses that justice be done in a way that “liberty” of others is not sacrificed. An individual may want justice, but the “state” has to ensure that it does not infringe on the rights of others. The fifth principle states that “Political realism” “distinguishes between truth and opinion” and what holds true for one nation, also holds true for others. The sixth one talks about “political realists” relating politics to power just as economists associate economy with wealth. (Morgenthau, 1978, p. 4-15)

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